Friday, November 9, 2012

Gluing a chair together

Well, here is the promised step by step photo tutorial on how to glue a chair together, for more information on how I made the parts, go to my side bar and click on Gothic Chippendale chair under the labels heading.

 I always start with the back leg assembly, I made a jig by cutting a piece of scrap wood to the inside shape between the back legs to help keep the angle of the legs correct while gluing. I then cut two pieces of wood and glued them in place horizontally to help keep the back seat rail and the stretcher 90 degrees with the legs.

A side view.

Once the glue was dry, I moved the back leg assembly over to another jig, here I am gluing the crest rail to the back splat. There are pieces of scrap wood under the bottom part of the back splat to lift it up to the same level as the seat rail. Next to the jig you can see one finished. Now was the time to do all the carving on the back splat and crest rail.

I then put the back legs back into the first jig and glued in the shoe where the back splat fits into.

After all the carving were finished I glued the back splat into the shoe and the crest rail to the top of the legs, a few rubber bands are keeping it together while the glue dries, remember these joints are all mortise and tenon joints.

Next I moved on to the front leg assembly and here are the only two straight forward 90 degree joints in the whole chair. I cut a scrap piece of wood to keep the front legs at a proper 90 degrees while the glue dried.

Here I am gluing the side seat rails into the front legs at an angle, the legs are butting up to the front of the jig to keep it square in relation to the seat rails.

I then put the front legs in place on the back legs and glued in the support piece where the upholstery fits in. This is the bottom view.

Because the sides of the chair is very thin and there is no place for the clamps to really hold, I cut another piece of scrap wood to fill in the space where the cushion will eventually go in to give the clamps a firm hold. This piece of scrap was used in the rest of the gluing process.

The next step was to glue in all the stretchers, in order to ensure that the stretchers were glued in exactly the same distance from both the floor and the seat rails I once again (yes, you guessed right) cut another piece of scrap wood to keep the spacing correct.

View from the bottom, I glued this in two steps, first just one of the sides stretchers and once that was dry the middle stretcher and the second side stretcher. At this stage I am only gluing the stretchers into the front legs as I still wanted to be able to have the back legs free for cutting the slots for the arm rests.

A set of arm stumps and arm rests pinned into place on the pattern while the glue dries.

And finally the front leg assembly and back legs are glued together. The same spacer woods are used again, here you can see there is a thinner piece just under the seat rails, this is to keep the back and side seat rails at the same level all around, if it goes slightly out in this step, your whole chair will be sloping over to one side.

Lastly the arm rests were glued onto the two carver chairs, here a few Lego blocks with a piece of scrap wood keeps the arm rests leaning out at the correct angle. And how do I keep the bottom of the arm stumps in place against the seat rail, holding it with my fingers for a few minutes, there is just no place for any clamps.

Now the arm rests just need a nice bit of shaping and all the chairs a finish. Stay tuned for the last post on these chairs sometime early next week.

Have a great weekend.


Karolyn said...

Thank you SO much for this MARVELOUS tute. You are so generous to share. Hugs Karolyn

Giac said...

Hello Elga,
I hope you realise how incredibly helpful your posts are. These are all things I, and I'm sure many others, worry about before attempting a project. You are a wonderful teacher, not just and amazing artist.
Big hug,

Fabiola said...

Great work! Thanks for sharing.
Bye Faby

miraclechicken said...

Thank you for the wonderful step-by-step :) very interesting---

Tatiana said...

Большое спасибо за урок!
Великолепная работа!

Idske said...

Thank you for sharing how you make your beautiful miniatures!

It's amazing that just a few bits of wood can be just as effective as elaborate jigs. Love the use of Lego too!


Catherine said...

Thank you for sharing your tutorial. I LOVE that chair. I can only dream about making one as beautiful.

Mini Southern Millworks said...

I simply love them I might have to build some for myself.

Beautiful Elga love your work.


Lucy Coles said...

Your chairs are glorious...nice to see another use for legos!

John said...

It all looks so easy the way you lay it out, Elga --thank you!

Rosamargarita said...

Un trabajo detallado y perfecto!
Un abrazo

mijbil said...

Wow, that was very detailed! :) Thank you so much for sharing, and big hugs from Sweden! :)

Debora said...

lovely step by step. Very clear. I know how much work goes into it, so i really appreciate these pretty creations. Forgive me for asking, cos you probably have mentioned it before, but how many were you making?

Irene said...

What a helpful post! I'd never have imagined there would be so many stages to this process but given the work put into the chair, I'm not really surprised.